Enslaved Workers

Leahy, K. (2003, Summer). Invisible hands: Slaves and servants of the Chew family.
            Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts.

Nash, G. B. (1989, April). New light on Richard Allen: The early years of freedom. The William
            and Mary Quarterly, 46
(2), 332-340.

Nash, G. B. (1973, April). Slaves and slaveowners in colonial Philadelphia. The William and Mary
            Quarterly, 30
(2), 223-256.

Williams, W. H. (1996). Slavery and freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865. Wilmington, DE: SR

Free Speech

Curtis, M. K. (2000). Free speech, "the people's daring privilege": Struggles for freedom
            of expression in American history.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hagans, W. G. (2007, Summer). Why does the first amendment protect?: Why the plaintiff
            should bear the burden of proof in any defamation action. Review of Litigation,
(3), 613-640.

Williams, P. J. (2006, October 30). Warlords of the first amendment. The Nation, 283(14), 9.


Allen, T. B. (2010). Tories: Fighting for the king in America's first civil war. New York, NY:
            HarperCollins Publishers.

Beeman, R. (2010). Plain, Honest men: The making of the American Constitution. New York:
            Random House.

Bowen, C. D. (1966). Miracle at Philadelphia: The story of the Constitutional Convention May to
            September 1787.
Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.

Brobeck, S. (1976, July). Revolutionary change in colonial Philadelphia: The brief life of the
            proprietary gentry. The William and Mary Quarterly, 33(3), 410-434.

Fukuyama, F. (2011). The origins of political order: From prehuman times to the French
New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

McDonald, F. (1985). Novus ordo seclorum: The intellectual origins of the Constitution.
            Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.

Warden, G. B. (1964, July). The proprietary group in Pennsylvania, 1754-1764. The William and
            Mary Quarterly, 21(3), 367-389.

Mason-Dixon Line

Conway, T. (2011, January). Map quest: Tracing the Mason-Dixon Line's uncertain path
            through Chester County. Main Line Today, 16(1), 60-1, 134-5.

Cope, T. D. (n.d.). Collecting source material about Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon.
            Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania.

Pynchon, T. (1997). Mason & Dixon: A novel. New York, NY: Picador.


Lippincott, H. M. (1917). Early Philadelphia: Its people, life and progress. Philadelphia, PA:
            J. B. Lippincott Company.

Nash, G. B. (1977, November). Up from the bottom in Franklin's Philadelphia. Past & Present,

Snyder, M. P. (1975). City of independence: Views of Philadelphia before 1800. New York, NY:
            Praeger Publishers.

William Penn

Hamm, T. D. (Ed.). (2010). Quaker writings: An anthology, 1650-1920. New York, NY:
            Penguin Books

Myers, A. C. (Ed.). (1970). William Penn's own account of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware
Moorestown, NJ: Middle Atlantic Press.

Trese, L. (2002). The storm gathering: The Penn family and the American Revolution.
            Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

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Meet Our Nation's First Peacekeeper:

Secretary of the Boundary Commission for the Mason Dixon Line

Secretary of PA Delegation to the Albany Conference to unite the Colonies

Reenactment of the Walking Purchase for the Easton Conference

Chief Justice of Pennsylvania

Visit Benjamin Chew's Gravesite